Marion Robert Morrison (May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), better known by his stage name John Wayne and his nickname Duke, was an American actor and director who rose to fame as a leading man in Hollywood’s Golden Age, particularly in Western and war films. He appeared in 179 films and television programs over his career, which spanned the silent era of the 1920s to the American New Wave.
Many consider Wayne’s final picture, The Shootist (1976), in which he plays an elderly gunfighter dying of cancer, to be his best western since Rio Bravo. This role served as a moving screen send-off for an actor who died of cancer three years later.
Don Siegel directed The Shootist, a 1976 American Western film based on Glendon Swarthout’s 1975 novel of the same name. It’s noteworthy since it’s John Wayne’s final film role. Miles Hood Swarthout (the author’s son) and Scott Hale collaborated on the screenplay. Lauren Bacall, Ron Howard, James Stewart, Richard Boone, Hugh O’Brian, Harry Morgan, John Carradine, Sheree North, Scatman Crothers, and Rick Lenz are among the supporting cast members.
In 1977, The Shootist was nominated for an Oscar for Best Art Direction (Robert F. Boyle, Arthur Jeph Parker), a BAFTA Film Award for Best Actress (Lauren Bacall), a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor (Ron Howard), and a National Board of Review Award for being one of the Top Ten Films of 1976. The picture was well-received by critics, with an 87 percent positive rating on a website.
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