In the late 1910s, India saw its first motion picture, which was launched by the late Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, better known as Dadasaheb Phalke, in the film ‘Raja Harishchandra.’ In addition, he is known as the ‘Father of Indian Cinema.’ Despite the fact that it was a silent picture, he had no idea that he was giving birth to an art form whose sound would be heard all over the world.
Many filmmakers in India have risen as a result of his endeavor. Although it took over two years after Raja Harishchandra for the first sound film, Alam Ara directed by Ardeshir Irani, to be released on March 14, 1931, the seed of color cinema was also sown with Moti B Gidwani’s ‘Kisan Kanya’ in 1937.
From the 1940s to the 1960s, Indian filmmakers refer to the period following the end of the British Raj as ‘The Golden Era.’ Parallel cinema was born at this time, and Bengali directors such as Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak, Mrinal Sen, and others were pioneers and key contributors.
The parallel cinema arose from the influence of Indian theatre and Bengali literature, and its influence was supported in various sections of the country. Particularly in our country’s southern regions. One of them was Karnataka filmmaker Girish Kasaravalli, who carried the torch and introduced it to the Kannada public.
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